After finding that earlier laws against it were unconstitutional and violated women’s rights, Mexico’s top court decided to decriminalise abortion countrywide.
On Wednesday, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) issued a ruling declaring that abortions are not legal in Mexico.
Two years after the court supported a challenge to the current legislation in the northern state of Coahuila, the judgement was announced, according to reports.
Criminal sanctions for ending pregnancies have been deemed illegal by the court.
Since then, Mexico’s states and the federal government have been reluctant to remove criminal legislation; nonetheless, the recent decision makes abortion lawful in all 32 states.
According to the Supreme Court, women’s human rights were infringed when the option of an abortion was denied.
The chairman of the highest court, Arturo Zaldvar, said that no girl may be forced to become a mother in rape cases, neither by the state nor by her parents or guardians.
It is vital to examine the situation from the perspective of the best interests of children since the violation of her rights in this case is more serious due to both her age and the fact that she is a victim.
The decision has made it possible for the government healthcare system to offer abortion services. Groups that support women’s rights have praised it.
In 2007, Mexico City became the first state to decriminalise abortion, and a dozen more soon followed.
However, Sara Lovera, a women’s rights activist, told AFP that in addition to a lack of facilities for performing the surgery, “many women don’t know that they have this right because local governments have not carried out publicity campaigns about it.”
“For this reason, the Supreme Court’s ruling today is significant.”
The Catholic Church in Mexico, the second-largest Catholic country in Latin America, as well as some of the country’s more conservative lawmakers, are sure to be upset by the latest verdict.
The country’s government, on the other hand, considers itself steadfastly secular, and the Church’s influence has been waning in recent years.
The term “green wave” refers to the trend towards easing abortion laws that has been observed throughout Latin America.
Although Javier Milei, the front-runner in Argentina’s election for president in October, wants to outlaw the procedure, elective abortion is legal in Colombia, Cuba, Uruguay, and Argentina.
Abortions are permitted in certain nations under certain conditions, such as rape or health hazards, whereas they are completely prohibited in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.
The United States, where the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision ensuring the right to abortion statewide was reversed by the Supreme Court last year, contrasts with Mexico and other Latin American nations’ changes.